Relative and numerical dating techniques
Lev Delaunay is applied after cells have been arrested during cell division by a solution of colchicine usually in metaphase or prometaphase when most condensed.
In order for the Giemsa stain to adhere correctly, all chromosomal proteins must be digested and removed.
But when they obtained a couple more specimens they confirmed [their findings].
The number of chromosomes in the karyotype between (relatively) unrelated species is hugely variable.
The sex of an unborn fetus can be determined by observation of interphase cells (see amniotic centesis and Barr body).
Six different characteristics of karyotypes are usually observed and compared: The normal human karyotypes contain 22 pairs of autosomal chromosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes (allosomes).
The existence of supernumerary or B chromosomes means that chromosome number can vary even within one interbreeding population; and aneuploids are another example, though in this case they would not be regarded as normal members of the population.
Although much is known about karyotypes at the descriptive level, and it is clear that changes in karyotype organization has had effects on the evolutionary course of many species, it is quite unclear what the general significance might be.